"Correspondence, June-October 1918", Item 010
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-3- The questions of equal pay for equal work and equal opportunity for women were then taken up with the government departments. As Washington women well know, the government itself has been quite as unfair to women employees as have private firms. The scale of pay is notoriously less than the pay for men, and women have been excluded even from the civil service examinations for many positions they are well equipped to fill. Even after the war pressure began, the prejudice of some bureau chiefs was so great that men stenographers were insisted upon in certain offices. We therefore sent a letter to the departments of War, Navy, State and Commerce, where the discrimination had bee proved, asking whether they would not modify their regulations to give women equal chance with men, and in fact, now that men were needed for the army, to give women the clerical positions in preference to men. We published these letters at the time they were sent. And we received favorable replies from all but the State Department, which is headed by the one and only anti-suffragist in the Cabinet. Moreover, Secretary Baker and Secretary Daniels themselves gave their replies to the press -- and Secretary Daniels had his published in the Official Bulletin, reproducing Mrs. Catt's letter and his own. With the Treasury Department we had a most interesting experience. The whole country knows what the first woman in congress did for the girls of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Her personal victory, however, rather obscured the fact that the fight was actually started by our Association. The last of April the Director of the Bureau announced that his plant would be put upon a twelve hour schedule, in order to print the Liberty Bonds, etc., and he added that any employe who protested was no patriot.