Editorial in Staunton Vindicator, May 10, 1861.
The editor of the Staunton Vindicator urged voters in Augusta County to vote to ratify the Ordinance of Secession at the May 23, 1861, referendum. "A vote against the Ordinance is treason to Virginia!" he proclaimed. "We want to hear of no 'Union' votes. They will be regarded as an endorsement of Lincoln's policy to overrun and devastate our homes and heritage, and make Virginia the booty of a hireling soldiery." In Augusta County on February 4, 1861, voters had elected three men who were opposed to secession to represent them in the Virginia Convention, but in the May 23 referendum, 3,130 men voted to ratify the ordinance (99.7%), and only 10 voted against.