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For ratification 130, against 1

Union or Secession
  • For ratification 130, against 1
  • For ratification 130, against 1
  • For ratification 130, against 1
  • For ratification 130, against 1
  • For ratification 130, against 1
  • For ratification 130, against 1
  • For ratification 130, against 1
At the Shiloh voting precinct in King George County on May 23, 1861, 130 men voted to ratify the Ordinance of Secession and 1 man voted against ratification.
Related documents:
  • "Animated with the spirit of determined resistance"
« Return to Referendum on Secession

For ratification 130, against 1

Shiloh Poll Book, King George County, May 23, 1861, Secretary of the Commonwealth, Miscellaneous Election Records, 1861–1865, Acc. 23476q, Library of Virginia.

At the Shiloh voting precinct in King George County on May 23, 1861, a total of 130 men voted to ratify the Ordinance of Secession and 1 man voted against ratification. The poll illustrates how the vote was taken. Voters lined up and told the officials conducting the poll whether they voted for or against ratification, and the officials wrote the name of each voter in the order that they voted. The election officers tabulated the results and sent them to the secretary of the commonwealth in Richmond, who compiled the state totals. Of the total of 479 voters in King George County that day, the one man who voted against secession was Carolus Rollins, a twenty-two-year-old fisherman. The stamping "Rebel Archives" on the last pages indicates that this election return was one of many documents that the United States Army acquired in the spring and summer of 1865 after it opened an office in Richmond for the deposit of Confederate government documents.

Shiloh Poll Book, King George County, May 23, 1861, Secretary of the Commonwealth, Miscellaneous Election Records, 1861–1865, Acc. 23476q, Library of Virginia.

King George County, to wit: We, Hazlewood Thompson, James M. Edwards and Fred'k. F. Ninde and John D. Owens Commissioners and Conductor, for holding the election directed by law to be held on the last on the fourth Thursday in May 1861, at Shiloh precinct in said county, do hereby certify that on this day, to wit: the said fourth Thursday in May 1861, we opened a poll at said precinct, in the manner prescribed by law, to take the sense of the qualified voters upon the ratification or rejection of "An Ordinance to repeal the ratification of the Constitution of the United States of America, by the state of Virginia, and to resume all the rights and powers granted under said Constitution," adopted in Convention at the city of Richmond, on the 17th day of April, 1861— and the following is a statemetn of the vote as exhibited by the poll books: For Ratification 130 votes; For Rejection 1 votes:
Given under our hands this 23rd day of May 1861
FREDERICK F. NINDE, Commissioner
 JAS. M EDWARDS " 
H. THOMPSON  " 
JOHN D. OWENS,  Conductor

[followed by a 4-page list of voters who cast their votes at the Shiloh precinct]