Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia
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Alabama secedes

Union or Secession
  • "Alabama has this day seceded"
The president of the Alabama convention informed the governor of Virginia on January 11, 1861, that Alabama had seceded from the Union.
Related documents:
  • Florida secedes
    "Florida has seceded unconditionally"
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"Alabama has this day seceded"

Telegram from William M. Brook to Governor John Letcher, January 11, 1861, Executive Papers of Governor John Letcher, Acc. 36787, State Government Records Collection, Record Group 3, Library of Virginia.

During the second week of January 1861, conventions in Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama voted to secede from the Union on succeeding days. This telegram from Alabama Convention president William M. Brook to Virginia governor John Letcher, January 11, 1861, informed Letcher that Alabama had seceded. The notation "18/229.MC." may have been made by the telegraph operator.

Telegram from William M. Brook, president of the Alabama Convention, to Virginia governor John Letcher, January 11, 1861, Executive Papers of Governor John Letcher, Acc. 36787, State Government Records Collection, Record Group 3, Library of Virginia.
Received at Richmond Jany 11 1861 at _____ o'clock, ____ minutes. By telegraph from Montgomery To Gov Virginia
I am instructed by the Convention to Inform you that Alabama has this Day Seceded from the Union.
William M Brook
Presdt of Convention
18/229 MC